This name derives from the Old French name "Chanel", meaning “bed of a waterway, tube, pipe, gutter”, which in turn derives from the Latin “cănālis”, meaning “groove, channel, waterpipe”. It has been used as a given name in America since the 1970s, influenced by the Chanel brand name (perfume and clothing). Gabrielle "Coco" Bonheur Chanel (1883–1971) was a French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel brand, who opened her first shop in 1909. The perfume Chanel No. 5 debuted in 1921.