This given name derives from the Latin “cornĕus > cornēlĭus” (horn, horned, hard as the horn). The origin of the Cornelii is lost to history, but the name Cornelius may be formed from the hypothetical surname Cornĕus, meaning "horny", that is, having thick or callused skin. The Cornelia family was one of the most distinguished Roman families and produced a greater number of illustrious men than any other house in Rome. This family was a major contributor to the highest offices of the Republic and contested for consulships with the Fabii and the Valerii from the 3rd century BC. Cornelia Scipionis Africana was the second daughter of Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, the hero of the Second Punic War, and Aemilia Paulla.
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