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Jade is an ornamental stone, precious green stone. The English word jade (alternative spelling "jaid") is derived from the Spanish “piedra de la [h]ijada”, which means "stone of the colic”, first recorded in 1565." There was a belief that when jade was placed on the stomach, it could cure colic in babies. Nephrite is derived from lapis nephriticus, the Latin version of the Spanish “piedra de la [h]ijada”. The English form Jade began to be used around the year 1970 (according to other sources, since the late nineteenth century). The Spanish word “[h]ijada” could have a connection to the Latin “īle” and the Ancient Greek “eileós (εἰλεός)”, meaning “colic”.

jayda F English