jewel B

breton
IUDD CAEL > JUDICAëL

The name derives from the Old Breton “Judicaël”, from two elements: “iudd” (chief, lord, prince) plus “cael” (generous). In turn the name means “generous lord”. Saint Judicael ap Hoel (~ 590–658) was the King of Domnonee and a Breton high king in the mid-seventh century. The word “jewel” derives from the Anglo-French thirteenth century “Juel”, and Old French “joule” (ornament, jewel). Perhaps it comes from Medieval Latin “jocale”, from Latin “jocus” (pastime, sport), in Vulgar Latin "that which causes joy". John Jewel spelled “Jewell” (1522–1571) was an English bishop of Salisbury.

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jewel B English