This name derives from the Late Latin “Iacobus”, from the Greek “Iakobos (Ἰάκωβος)”, meaning “Supplanter, held by the heel, heel-grabber, leg-puller”. In turn the name derives from the Hebrew root “ʿqb > Yaʿakov”, meaning "to follow, to be behind", and it refers to the circumstances of Jacob's birth when he held on to the heel (Hebrew: ʿaqeb) of his older twin brother Esau. Jacob, as described in the Hebrew Bible, the Talmud, the New Testament, the Qur'an and Baha'i scripture was the third patriarch of the Hebrew people with whom God made a covenant, and ancestor of the tribes of Israel, which were named after his descendants. In the Hebrew Bible, he is the son of Isaac and Rebekah, the grandson of Abraham, Sarah and of Bethuel. Jacob is venerated as a Prophet of Islam, the name is commonly used as a first name in Arab and Muslim societies.
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