This name derives from an English and French surname, but one of ultimately pre 7th century Germanic origins. Although generally regarded as deriving from the French word "mareschal". The name is composed of two elements: “*marha” (horse, warhorse) plus “skalkoz” (servant), meaning “horseshoer (Italian: maniscalco)”. This indicates that the term "marshal" was originally occupational for one who looked after the horses, a very important function from the most ancient times in history. Marshal is a word used in several official titles of various branches of society. As marshals became trusted members of the courts of Medieval Europe, the title grew in reputation. During the last few centuries, it has been used for the most elevated offices, including in military ranking and civilian law enforcement.