This name derives from the Old Church Slavonic "Nadéžda (Надежда)”, meaning “hope”, a translation of the Ancient Greek word “Elpis (ελπίς)”, with the same meaning. The name began to be used in Western Europe around the nineteenth century, and suddenly became much more common due to the popularity of Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci, spreading to all Western countries. It should be noted that the name is almost a homograph to Nadiyya, Nadya, Nadia, an Arabic name which means "tender, delicate". However, it is not related to the Slavic name Nadja. 1) Nadežda Petrović (1873–1915) was a Serbian painter from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Considered Serbia's most famous impressionist and fauvist, she was the most important Serbian female painter of the period. 2) Nadezhda Konstantinovna "Nadya" Krupskaya (1869–1939) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and politician (she served as the Soviet Union's Deputy Minister of Education from 1929 until her death in 1939), and the wife of Vladimir Lenin from 1898 until his death in 1924.