This name derives from the Ancient Greek “Paíōn (Παίων) Paiónios (Παιώνιος)” meaning “healthy, life and prosperity”. 1) In Greek mythology, Paean was the physician of the gods. The name Paean is believed to be first attested in Mycenaean Greek as an alternative name of Apollo. A god of healing named “Παιήων” is mentioned twice in the Iliad. In book 5, the Olympian god of war Ares is wounded by mortal hero Diomedes, who is assisted by Athena. 2) The peony is a flowering plant in the genus Paeonia, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. They are native to Asia, Europe and Western North America. 3) Paeonius of Mende, Chalkidiki was a Greek sculptor of the late 5th century BC.