This name derives from the Arabic “Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn”, meaning “mission of the faith”. Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Saladin) was the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. A Muslim of Kurdish origin, Saladin led Islamic opposition against the European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, Yemen, and parts of North Africa.
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